It found poorer students, Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders, and those from regional and remote areas were all behind on international education benchmarks.
One of the largest factors in school performance was the quality of teaching staff, the report said. Governance at a student’s school, their classroom environment and resourcing were also pinned as major factors.
By targeting these issues, there could be uniform improvements for these students, the report said.
Lifting teaching quality could include improving the feedback given to students, and other changes in teaching methods.
The report said better education outcomes meant students’ chances of employment and higher wages would increase, benefiting the economy.
Education Minister Dan Tehan said the federal government didn’t run schools or employ teachers, but was providing record levels of funding.
“As this report makes clear, everyone in education can influence the factors at their disposal to make a positive impact on a student’s education,” Mr Tehan said.